Sydney and Country
The modern history of the city began with the arrival of a First Fleet of British
ships in 1788 and the foundation of a penal colony by Great Britain.
Sydney established an elected city council in 1840 and was from 1788-1900 the
capital of the British colony of New South Wales. In 1901, Sydney became a state capital, when New South Wales
voted to join the Australian Federation.
The site of Sydney was chosen because of a stream of water - the Tank Stream -
that could supply the fledgling colony with water. The first bridge in Australia was over this stream and the site
is now part of Bridge Street